Maya sites in El Naranjo

Palenque

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Palenque (Mayathan: Bàak) is 'n argeologiese terrein in die Meksikaanse deelstaat Chiapas, wat in die noordweste van die grens tot Guatemala geleë is. Die historiese naam van die stad was vermoedelik „Lakamha’“, wat "groot water" beteken, terwyl die gebied B’aakal ("been") genoem was.

Palenque is 'n middelgrote terrein, baie kleiner as Tikal en Copán, maar is veral bekend vir sy hoë-kwaliteit argitektuur, skulpture, dakkamme en reliefgravure. Die meeste van die geskiedenis van Palenque is vanaf die Maya-hiërogliewe gerekonstrueer, veral die 5de eeu en die wedywering met ander Mayastede soos Calakmul en Toniná.

Die stadsgebied het in 1981 'n nasionale park geword en Palenque is in 1987 deur UNESCO as wêrelderfenisgebied gelys.

Leiers van Palenque

  • 987–? v.C. Uk'ix-Chan, waarskynlik fiktief
  • omstreeks 252 v.C. Casper I, waarskynlik fiktief

[…]

  • 431–435 K'uk' Bahlam I.
  • 435–487 Casper II, regte naam nie bekend nie
  • 487–501 Butz'aj Sak Chiik
  • 501–524 Ahkal Mo' Nahb I
  • 529–565 K'an Joy Chitam I
  • 565–570 Ahkal Mo' Nahb II
  • 572–583 Kan Bahlam I
  • 583–604 Yohl Ik'nal, eerste meesteres
  • 605–612 Ajen Yohl Mat
  • 612–615 Muwaan Mat, identiteit onduidelik
  • 615–683 K'inich Janaab Pakal I, „Pakal die Groote“ genoem
  • 684–702 K'inich Kan Bahlam II
  • 702–naas 720 K'inich K'an Joy Chitam II, broer van K'inich Kan Bahlam II
  • 721–naas 736 K'inich Ahkal Mo' Nahb III
  • omstreeks 742 K'inich Janaab Pakal II
  • omstreeks 751 K'inich Kan Bahlam III
  • 764–naas 783 K'inich K'uk' Bahlam II
  • 799–? Janaab Pakal III

Verwysings

  • Wikimedia Commons het meer media in die kategorie .
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Tips & Hints
Arrange By:
Alfonso E
18 March 2012
Esto es tuyo y mio, respetalo, conocelo y aprende. No promuevas el saqueo de ruinas y flora y fauna.
Daniel Cavazzo
18 May 2013
Con tu mismo boleto de entrada puedes al final ir al Museo del Sitio donde se exhiben las joyas encontradas en la tumba de la Reina Roja, la máscara mortuoria de Pakal y una réplica de su sarcófago.
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Location
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Address

0.5km from Carr. Zona Arqueológica " Palenque ", Chiapas, Meksiko

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Open hours
Mon-Sun 8:00 AM–4:30 PM
References

Zona Arqueológica de Palenque on Foursquare

Palenque on Facebook

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